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March 1, 2018

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HK$50b budgeted for long-term tech push

HONG Kong rolled out tax cuts, relief measures and capital spending in an expansionary budget yesterday, after the city racked up a hefty budget surplus, targeting investments in high-technology industries to help raise its competitiveness.

Financial Secretary Paul Chan unveiled measures to address economic challenges and longstanding livelihood strains in the city, including a gaping wealth gap and lofty property prices.

Hong Kong posted a provisional budget surplus of HK$138 billion (US$17.63 billion) for the 2017/18 financial year and expects an overall surplus over the next five years, Chan said.

The economy also expanded 3.8 percent in 2017 — the fastest in six years — boosted by a buoyant property market, improved tourism and financial services.

Overall expenditure for 2018/19 will increase 17.6 percent over the previous year to HK$557.9 billion in one of the most expansionary budgets in recent years, Chan said.

More than HK$50 billion (US$6.4 billion) would be earmarked for “investing in the future,” Chan said, who described the priorities as a “new fiscal philosophy” of forward-looking and strategic capital spending to help innovative and creative industries, including a startup fund and investments in sectors such as fintech, biotechnology and artificial intelligence.

The city has retained a sizeable war chest with fiscal reserves expected to eclipse the HK$1 trillion mark at the end of March 2018.

Hong Kong has long been seen to be lagging far behind the new industry push of rivals such as the neighboring tech hub of Shenzhen, home to Tencent Holdings and Huawei.

“The current-term government is ready to think out of the box and act proactively to open up new horizons for Hong Kong,” Chan said in a nearly two hour speech to lawmakers.

Hong Kong’s economy grew 3.4 percent in the fourth quarter from a year earlier, and was up a seasonally adjusted 0.8 percent from the third, Chan said.

GDP this year is expected to grow 3-4 percent, Chan added, saying he was cautiously optimistic with robust global economic growth expected to benefit the trade-dependent Chinese city, and China’s stabilizing economy should spill over into the financial hub, even amid structural reforms.

Chan sees the red-hot property market coming under pressure as more flats hit the market and as interest rates are expected to rise. He did not announce any immediate measures to put a lid on rocketing prices but warned buyers to assess the risk.

Hong Kong’s home prices have surged for 15 straight months despite repeated cooling measures, further exacerbating public discontent toward housing affordability in the city of 7.4 million.

“Hong Kong has been plagued by land shortage for years. The problem not only affects people’s livelihood, but also restrains our growth potential. We must proactively address this problem with firm resolve,” Chan said.

He said that 20,800 private residential units would be completed annually over the next five years, an increase of some 50 percent over annual private flat additions in recent years.

Salaries and profits tax cuts worth HK$25.5 billion for the 2017/18 year would be given, capped at HK$30,000 per taxpayer.

A 13.3 percent increase on annual spending on health care was also earmarked to help an efficient, highly subsidized yet occasionally over-burdened public health system.


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