China unveils cuts to VAT as part of US$64b tax reform
China will cut value-added tax rates as part of a tax reduction package amounting to 400 billion yuan (US$64 billion) this year.
The decision, which is expected to boost high-quality development, was made at a State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang yesterday.
The tax rate, from May 1, will be lowered from 17 percent to 16 percent for manufacturing, and from 11 percent to 10 percent for transportation, construction, basic telecommunication services and farm produce. Li said the VAT reform was a major step in China’s tax regime reform.
“The VAT reform has helped to reduce the overall corporate tax burden, and improve the tax regime. The reform has proven to be conducive to the transformation and upgrading of the economy, unifying the tax structure and making taxation fairer,” Li said.
This round of tax cuts will apply to all manufacturing companies. All businesses registered in China, be they joint ventures or wholly foreign-owned companies, will be treated equally, the premier said.
The VAT reform was first piloted in Shanghai before it was rolled out nationwide. It has delivered a total tax cut of 2.1 trillion yuan over the past five years. The services sector has expanded significantly as a result. Its added value rose to 51.6 percent of GDP in 2017.
The reform has also boosted entrepreneurship, innovation and the development of new industries and new forms of business.
Li said in his government work report this month that efforts will be made to further lighten the tax burden on businesses. The government will reform and improve VAT, consolidate the three tax brackets into two and adjust tax rates, prioritize lowering rates in manufacturing and transportation, and raise the threshold for the annual sales volume for small-scale taxpayers.
As part of the tax cut package, eligible enterprises in advanced manufacturing, modern services and electric utility will receive a lump-sum refund for their input VAT payments yet to be deducted.
The meeting also decided to unify the standard for small-scale taxpayers as it raises the threshold of taxable annual sales volume for industrial and commercial enterprises from 500,000 yuan and 800,000 yuan, to 5 million yuan. Enterprises registered as general taxpayers will be allowed to switch their status to small-scale taxpayers within a given time.
Li said reducing the three tax rate brackets to two in one go was a hugely challenging job, as reforms are normally pursued step by step. No industry should see its tax burden increase in the course of VAT reform, he said.
The meeting also decided to set up a state financing guarantee fund with initial funds of no less than 60 billion yuan.