Banks alerted to worsening profitability
The profitability of Asia-Pacific banks will deteriorate over the next few years as the coronavirus outbreak accelerates structural changes, Moody’s Investors Service said in a new report.
"Lower-for-longer interest rates, rising credit costs and operating expenses, and in some countries aging populations, will weigh on the profitability of APAC banks in coming years, with many of these trends exacerbated by the coronavirus outbreak," said Rebaca Tan, a Moody's assistant vice president and analyst.
"While the region's banks are all facing a growing need to change their business models to overcome these challenges, laggard institutions are at a greater disadvantage," Tan added.
Banks' returns on assets have already declined in 12 out of 17 APAC banking systems between 2014 and 2019, and are likely to remain weak at least through 2020-2021.
Among other factors, deflationary pressure from a reduction in aggregate demand and low oil prices will keep interest rates low for a prolonged period, leading to declines in interest income and net interest margin compression to levels that can only be partly offset by reductions in funding costs, the report noted.
Another drag on lenders’ profitability is likely to be increases in credit costs as asset quality weakens, while the accelerating shift to digital banking services will push up operating expenses.
To reduce their dependence on net interest income from domestic markets, banks will increasingly pursue other revenue sources or expand overseas while continuing with digitization, according to the report.
However, these options have their own challenges, especially for banks that lack the vision or resources to overhaul their business models, it said. The gap between some banks in their ability to tackle profitability challenges means the agile of them will widen their competitive edge.
In the long term, banks that fail to change their business models will become acquisition targets or will have to merge to survive, Moody's said.