5G transforming film and television production
5G is fifth-generation mobile communication technology that is ultra fast and highly efficient with large bandwidth and low latency, which will greatly improve the speed of film production, projection and propagation in the era of 3D and 8K.
With 5G networks becoming more accessible, 5G broadcasting will completely change the consumption and distribution of content in the next five years.
In film production, 5G remote production reduces the number of people required on site and the need for trucks, because camera information can be sent immediately to a centralized production center. This reduces costs and enables production teams to handle multiple events in one day, in turn delivering higher quality to consumers.
But 5G is not just about cost-effectiveness. It will also increase the diversity of creative options open to producers. A 5G camera is not limited by wires, which enables operators to roam freely in studios or outdoors to capture images that previously could not be recorded.
Additionally, 5G technology brings immersive entertainment to life.
Verizon demonstrated its 5G technology in a real-time rendering of “Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker.” In collaboration with Walt Disney Studios’ advanced development division StudioLAB, the network demonstrated at the movie premiere party in Hollywood enabled visitors to interact with the movie’s Sith soldiers in real time.
Two actors portraying the soldiers worked in remote areas 15 miles (24 kilometers) away. Participants in the demonstration were able to enter the screen and interact with them, who responded in real time.
“Both StudioLAB and Verizon believe 5G will fundamentally change the way entertainment media is created, distributed and consumed,” said Nicki Palmer, chief product development officer of Verizon.
“5G speed and low latency can release incredible creative capabilities,” said Ben Havey of StudioLAB. “We want storytellers to use this new technology as soon as possible, so they can bring unparalleled experiences to audiences around the world.”
“We have to embrace technology if we want to corner overtaking,” said Steve Chen, chairman of the Ningbo Screen Industrial Park Committee.
The film and television production base built in 2003 to shoot “The Return of the Condor Heroes,” directed by Zhang Jizhong, will partner with many leading film and television technology companies at home and abroad to create a digital virtual shooting platform and digital asset library. It will also build the first 5G+ film and television digital production base in China — a new attempt by local authorities to create a next-generation film and television industry.
In the future, one person will be able to make an entire film and science and technology will play an important role in film and television production. Moreover, 5G technology will bring about major opportunities for China’s film and television industry to compete globally.
Science and technology enable film and television to transition from black and white to color, silence to sound, film to digital and 2D to 3D and beyond.
With the continuous evolution of science and technology, film and television production technology is also constantly developing. More and more scenes that could previously only be presented in people’s minds are now presented in front of audiences, achieving complete physical reality.
Sun Wei, director of the China Communications Industry Association’s 5G special committee, said the association, along with Xiangshan Global Studios, will build the first 5G+ film and television production demonstration base in China. Sun also anticipates the first large-scale LED studio in China, integrating technologies such as LED large screen, dynamic capture and virtual imaging.
“For example, if you need to shoot the Monkey King fighting in a sandstorm, LED virtual background technology can immediately create the desert,” said Zhang Diankui, general manager of Shanghai Kunlun Jue Digital Technology. “Film crew can therefore simulate a sandstorm scene in live shooting.”
Zhang said special effects can be rendered and shot in real time in the LED shed. LED studio real-time shooting, real-time imports of various scenes and the use of 5G real-time transmission post-production teams shorten the production cycle significantly, according to Xiangshan Global Studios.
Hou Guangming, former Party secretary of the Beijing Film Academy, said six or seven of the 10 most popular movies in the world are related to high tech or science fiction, but Chinese movies lack such capabilities. Therefore, the application of 5G technology in film and television production is an opportunity for Chinese films to turn a corner.
Sun said 2019 was the first year for 5G commercialization in China.
China has built 650,000 5G base stations, with 165 million 5G terminal connections — the most in the world. 5G technology will make 4K, 8K, ultra-high-definition shooting technology, virtual reality immersive viewing, multi-point co-governance and cloud-rendering technology more widely used in the film and television industry, bringing about profound changes.
In the first three quarters of 2020, Xiangshan Global Studios’ revenue was 3.165 billion yuan (US$491.84 million), a year-on-year increase of 33.54 percent, and paid 143 million yuan in taxes, an increase of 10.12 percent. Nearly 1,000 new enterprises launched business here, an increase of 17.9 percent.
In the next stage, Xiangshan Global Studios will connect optical fibers and 5G base stations in the studio to collect, process and store production materials from film crews in the data center for transmission, access, online editing and secondary development.
Hou said in the future, film and television production will go through a comprehensive digital, network and intelligent transformation.