5-year targets cover land, air and water

Shanghai has set its goals for this year and the next five years – and firmly in its sights is reducing the hazardous to health PM2.5 count.

Shanghai has set its goals for this year and the next five years — and firmly in its sights is reducing the hazardous to health PM2.5 count.

The aim is to cut the annual average density of PM2.5 to below 35 micrograms per cubic meter in the next five years. That compares with 39 micrograms last year, itself a big improvement on 62 micrograms in 2013.

The city government also intends eliminate waterways in the next five years that cannot even reach the lowest Grade V quality rating.

Forest coverage is to exceed 18 percent.

The targets were published in the government work report delivered at the opening of the annual session of the Shanghai People’s Congress yesterday.

The government also sets goals just for this year too, covering the environment, urban and rural construction, civil affairs and public transport.

According to the report, Shanghai will set up a pilot program for carbon trading.

On the water front, the fourth phase of a comprehensive treatment plan for Suzhou Creek will be launched. This will eliminate pollution from the trunk stream, tributaries and riverbanks, see the flood walls renovated, and link up public spaces on both sides of the river.

Domestic waste, meanwhile, is be sorted before collection, transportation and disposal, and this process will be integrated into the recycling of renewable resources. More recycling facilities will be built for domestic and industrial waste.

To increase the city’s eco-space footprint, the government will construct 17 “eco-corridors” and plant 5,000 hectares of new forest. It will develop 12,000 more hectares of green space and 200 kilometers of urban green paths.

Outside the city, the government plans domestic sewage treatment facilities for a further 100,000 rural households, to clean village ditches and rivers running near residential areas, along with reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers.

Road networks in rural areas will be enhanced, and more rural doctors will be trained.

On transport, the city government will complete the construction of the southern extension of Metro Line 5 and the second and third phases of Line 13, adding 41 kilometers to the Metro network. It will accelerate the development of the city’s major transport infrastructure, including the third phase of Pudong International Airport, and the Shanghai sections of Shanghai-Nantong and Shanghai-Suzhou-Huzhou railways.

The city government will also build underground utility tunnels and move 100 kilometers of overhead cables underground.

“We will proceed with the construction of key areas including the Lingang international smart manufacturing center, the Hongqiao central business district and the Shanghai International Tourism and Resorts Zone, the economic transformation of Taopu, Nanda, Wusong and Wujing areas, as well as the development of new industrial zones such as the pilot zone for connected cars in Jiading District, the Oriental Beauty Valley in Fengxian District, the Shixi Software and Information Park and the Shibei High-Tech Park,” said Mayor Ying Yong.

The construction of major cultural facilities will also be pushed forward. These include the Pudong branches of Shanghai Library and Shanghai Museum and a new children’s library. Existing traditional cultural venues, like the Shanghai Dramatic Arts Center and Yifu Theater, will be renovated. The Shanghai Museum of History and ITTE Museum will be completed.

To improve fitness, the government will build or renovate 80 public exercise walkways and 60 public stadiums, along with 300 exercise corners set in communities and parks. It will start construction on Pudong Football Stadium, complete construction of Chongming Sports Training Base, and host the 16th Shanghai Games and other major sports events.

The city government also aims to boost elderly care by taking measures including the establishment of 50 new community-based service centers and 80 new day-care centers for the elderly and adding 7,000 additional beds in care homes. The target is to have senior care facilities and services accessible within a 15-minute walk.

The city government will complete the renovation of 400,000 square meters of dilapidated housing in central districts and preserve 1 million square meters of traditional Chinese terraced houses. A total of 131 historic streets will be designated for protected status.

The government will open 500 day-care classes during summer vacations for primary schoolchildren; set up, renovate and expand 35 kindergartens; and open 20 community-based day-care centers for toddlers.

There will be more facilities to cater for people with disabilities, and 1,000 rest-and-dining stations for outdoor workers will be built across the city.

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