Exhibitions recall Premier Zhou Enlai's experiences in Shanghai

China's late Premier Zhou Enlai's experiences in Shanghai are captured in two exhibitions at the sites of the First and the Fourth National Congress of the CPC.
Ti Gong

A People's Liberation Army soldier explains historic photos of late Premier Zhou Enlai to students at an exhibition at the Memorial Site of the Fourth National Congress of the Communist Party of China at 1468 Sichuan Road N. in Hongkou District.

Two exhibitions to mark the 120th birth anniversary of China's first Premier Zhou Enlai’s (1898-1976) were inaugurated in Shanghai yesterday. 

The exhibitions are being held at the sites of the First and the Fourth National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

Fifty-four original exhibits are on display at one of the exhibitions titled "Zhou Enlai in Shanghai" at the site of the First National Congress of CPC at 76 Xingye Road.

The exhibition will be on until April 25.

The exhibits include a Japanese military map taken during the Battle of Pingxingguan in 1937, which was a major victory for the Chinese army against the Japanese invaders during the World War II. There is also a book with Zhou’s inscriptions on them.

A total of 123 photos are chronologically arranged according to the campaigns led by Zhou in Shanghai, such as the third armed uprisings of Shanghai workers in 1927 against the Northern Warlords government, and the movement to encourage local people to resist the Japanese invasion in 1931.

Other parts of the exhibition highlights Premier Zhou’s concerns about Shanghai’s economy, defense, science and technology, culture and sports after the founding of the nation in 1949.

Landmark sites

The other exhibition is at the Memorial Site of the Fourth National Congress of CPC on 1468 Sichuan Road N. in Hongkou District and highlights 10 important sites in the city that Zhou stayed or visited. This exhibition is titled "Zhou Enlai and Shanghai" and runs till the end of May.

The Yangshupu Dock in Yangpu District, for instance, is marked on a map. It was from here that Zhou set off to France on a French cruise liner to study in November 1920.

The memorial site itself is marked as an important place for Zhou, who attended the Party's National Congress for the first time in January 1925. An oil painting depicts the scene of the meeting.

A photo of 44 Yonganli, a three-story shikumen house, shows how Zhou and his wife Deng Yingchao stayed there in secrecy in 1931 to avoid being captured by Kuomintang spies.

A historic photo shows Zhou accompanying the then French President Georges Pompidou to the top of the Broadway Building along the Huangpu River overlooking Shanghai in September 1973. It was also the last time Zhou visited the city. The late premier had visited the city 48 times, out of which 27 was for diplomatic activities.

Zhou is respected and loved by generations of Chinese people, especially for being a skilled diplomat. He served as the Chinese foreign minister from 1949 to 1958, and participated in the 1954 Geneva Conference, where he set the foundations for the former US President Richard Nixon's historic visit to China in 1972.

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