Joy and sorrow as panda gives birth

A panda at Beauval Zoo has given birth to twins, the first time panda cubs have been born in France. But joy turned to sorrow after the weaker twin died soon after it was born.

A veterinarian takes care of the surviving cub after female panda Huan Huan gave birth to twins at Beauval Zoo in Saint-Aignan-sur-Cher, central France, on Friday.

A PANDA at Beauval Zoo has given birth to twins, the first time panda cubs have been born in France. But joy turned to sorrow after the weaker twin died soon after it was born. 

Zookeepers are on alert to ensure the surviving cub, which is said to be in good health and feeding from its mother, makes it through the first week of its life.

“The first week is the most difficult because it is still very fragile,” the zoo’s chief vet Baptiste Mulot said.

But the early signs appeared to be good.

“He is breastfeeding from his mother, we’ll see if we have to supplement that with milk brought by the two Chinese carers,” he added.

The Chinese team, from the center for breeding pandas in southwest China’s Chengdu, had already given the panda three bottle feeds.

Huan Huan “is a very protective mother, which is very good, but that complicates the work of the Chinese carers a bit when it comes to taking the cub away every two hours,” said Mulot.

There was joy and sorrow on Friday as the zoo’s only female panda gave birth to twins, but the first one to emerge died soon afterward.

Huan Huan, on loan to the zoo in central France from China, delivered the first cub at 10:18pm and the second at 10:32pm.

The first, which weighed just 121 grams, began having problems breathing and died despite the best efforts of zoo staff.

“It was too weak to survive. The Chinese experts, who have experience of this, saw it straight away,” zoo director Rodolphe Delord said.

“Our veterinary teams did everything they could to save it, but it was too small, too weak.”

But he said the second, which weighed in at a healthier 142.4 grams, was in “perfect health.”

Just as pandas do in the wild, the mother quickly focused her interest on the second cub, as if instinctively aware that its chances of survival were best.

The cub stayed mainly with his mother, but whenever it was taken away from her it was immediately put in an incubator, said Mulot. That allowed the Chinese carers to weigh it and wash it and supplement the mother’s feeding with milk from a bottle.

Mulot welcomed the presence of the Chinese team, who had traveled over specially for the birth. Their “eye and experience are very important,” he said.

For the moment, the cub is known simply as “Mini Yuan Zi,” after its father.

Visitors to the zoo were delighted at news of the birth.

“I’m so happy that a baby panda was born here because later, I want to work here,” said 13-year-old Marion, who made a special trip with her parents from the southern city of Avignon.

Visitors will have to wait three months to see the family in their enclosure, when the baby panda will have opened its eyes and be covered in hair. In the meantime, visitors can watch a film of the pandas on giant screens.


A screen shows pictures of Huan Huan after giving birth to twin cubs.

Nine-year-old Huan Huan and her male partner Yuan Zi arrived at Beauval in January 2012 on a 10-year loan from China after intense negotiations between Paris and Beijing.

Breeding pandas is notoriously difficult.

The female panda is only in heat once a year for about 48 hours. The gestation period for pandas is a mere 50 days.

Huan Huan (meaning “happy”) and Yuan Zi (“chubby”) are the only giant pandas living in France.

The pair were brought together in February, in the hope they would mate, but it didn’t happen. In the end, the zoo performed an artificial insemination.

If all goes well with the birth, the surviving cub will leave Beauval in the next two to three years to be returned to China.

As a measure of how important the event is, France’s first lady Brigitte Macron has been named — along with her Chinese counterpart — the baby panda’s godmother.

In a statement, she was “very happy” to take on the role. The zoo said she would be visiting the new arrival soon.

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