US vows 'snapback' to reimpose UN Iran sanctions
US President Donald Trump vowed on Saturday to use a controversial technique to unilaterally reinstate UN sanctions on Tehran, a move with huge repercussions for the Iran nuclear deal.
His declaration came a day after the UN Security Council overwhelmingly rejected a US resolution to extend an Iranian arms embargo.
“We’ll be doing a snapback,” Trump said during a news conference at his New Jersey golf club. “You’ll be watching it next week.”
The president was referring to the contested argument that the US remains a “participant” in the 2015 Iran nuclear deal — despite Trump’s withdrawal from it — and therefore can force a return to sanctions if it sees Iran as being in violation of its terms.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the US had failed to kill off what he called the “half alive” deal with major powers that gave Iran relief from sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.
“The United States failed in this conspiracy with humiliation,” said Rouhani.
“This day will go down in the history of our Iran and in the history of fighting global arrogance.”
Only two of the Council’s 15 members voted in favor of the US resolution seeking to extend the embargo, highlighting the division between Washington and its European allies since Trump withdrew from the nuclear accord in 2018.
The Europeans on the Council all abstained, and Iran mocked the Trump administration for winning the support of just one other country, the Dominican Republic.
“In the 75 years of United Nations history, America has never been so isolated,” foreign ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi tweeted.
People on the streets of Tehran had mixed reactions.
“This is an American political game. One day they give a resolution to the Security Council, the next they say they have taken” Iranian fuel, said a worker at the city’s Grand Bazaar who gave his name only as Ahmadi.
A drugstore employee named Abdoli said she was happy Iran won, but added that it “should interact with the United States and establish relations.”
European allies have been skeptical on whether Washington can force sanctions, with experts saying a “snapback” threatens to plunge the Council into one of its worst-ever diplomatic crises.
Trump also said on Saturday he would “probably not” take part in a summit proposed by Russian President Vladimir Putin on addressing the situation. “I think we’ll wait until after the election,” he said. The embargo on conventional arms is due to expire on October 18 under the terms of a resolution that blessed the Iran nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
The US text at the Security Council on Friday effectively called for an indefinite extension of the embargo on Iran, which diplomats said would threaten the nuclear deal.
Iran says it has the right to self-defense and that a continuation of the ban would mean an end to the agreement.
Apart from 11 abstentions, Russia and China opposed the resolution.
“The result shows again that unilateralism enjoys no support, and bullying will fail,” China’s UN mission tweeted.