19 killed as severe storm hits Philippines
The death toll from a storm that triggered landslides and flash floods across the Philippines has risen to at least 19, authorities said yesterday, linking the extreme rainfall to climate change.
Severe Tropical Storm Kompasu dumped more than a month's worth of rain in two days as it swept across the archipelago nation this week, national disaster agency spokesman Mark Timbal said.
Kompasu – named after the Japanese pronunciation of "compass" – intensified the southwest monsoon that had already saturated swathes of the disaster-prone country.
Provinces on the most populous island of Luzon were hardest hit by the storm, which caused more than a billion pesos (US$20 million) worth of damage to the agriculture sector and damaged hundreds of homes.
Timbal said the rainfall was "even greater than the Ondoy experience," referring to the devastating Typhoon Ketsana, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Ondoy, that hit in 2009 and killed hundreds.
"This only proves the effect of climate change when it comes to the increasing magnitude of these natural hazards," Timbal said.
"This continues to pose a challenge to our disaster management system – we always have to step up our preparations in view of the worst-case scenario for every natural hazard."
Climate change blamed
Because a warmer atmosphere holds more water, climate change increases the risk and intensity of flooding from extreme rainfall.
Nineteen deaths have been confirmed so far, the majority in the northwestern province of Ilocos Sur where most of the victims were caught in flash floods.
The disaster agency is also checking another 11 reported fatalities, mostly in the landlocked mountainous province of Benguet.
A total of 14 people have been reported missing.
Timbal said the "changing nature" of the hazards had made it difficult to achieve their target of zero casualties.
"Each hazard is unique to the next one," he said.
"It's a new normal caused by climate change."
Timbal said nearly 15,000 people fled their homes, but only about half stayed in evacuation centers. The rest sought shelter with friends or relatives due to fears of the coronavirus.