China releases first 3D images based on Earth observation satellite
The China National Space Administration on Tuesday released the first batch of three-dimensional images based on the data from the recently launched Gaofen-7 Earth observation satellite.
The Gaofen-7, an important part of China's high-definition Earth observation project, is the country's first civil-use optical transmission three-dimensional surveying and mapping satellite that reaches the sub-meter definition.
The 22 images unveiled show the Beijing Capital International Airport, the new Beijing Daxing International Airport, as well as some regions in China's Anhui, Guangdong and Shandong provinces. Airplanes, vehicles, buildings and trees can be clearly seen in the images.
The satellite, launched from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in north China's Shanxi Province on November 3, is in orbit at an altitude of 506 km and has a design life of eight years. More than 14,000 images have been obtained by the satellite.
It will be mainly used for 1:10,000-scale 3D mapping. Only a few countries have acquired this level of satellite surveying and mapping, said Cao Haiyi, chief designer of the Gaofen-7 at the China Academy of Space Technology.
Its horizontal positioning accuracy of ground objects is within five meters, and the height measurement accuracy about 1.5 meters, said Cao.
"It's like a precise ruler for measuring the land. Before the launch of Gaofen-7, we could only precisely locate super-highways, but now Gaofen-7 can help us accurately locate rural roads," Cao said.
The main users of Gaofen-7 are from the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the National Bureau of Statistics.
China has an urgent need for 1:10,000-scale surveying and mapping data, as the country undergoes rapid economic development, drastic changes in urban and rural structure, a sharp reduction in farmland and frequent natural disasters.
Gaofen-7 will help solve problems in monitoring geographical conditions, housing and urban-rural construction and national statistics, Cao said.
It might serve major national projects, planning and economic construction. For example, development of the Xiong'an New area, the selection of venue sites of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics and key projects along the Belt and Road all need high-precision surveying and mapping data for decision-making.
"In the past, surveying and mapping work was labor-intensive and lasted for months or even years. With the new satellite, these tasks can be completed in minutes," Cao said.
The positioning accuracy of vehicles and mobile phones is determined by navigation satellites, while map accuracy is realized by surveying and mapping satellites, she said. Gaofen-7 can greatly improve the accuracy of China's maps.
Tang Xinming, a senior engineer at the Land Satellite Remote Sensing Application Center of the Ministry of Natural Resources, said the data could provide the height of each building and form three-dimensional models of cities.
The data could also play an important role in urban construction, statistics, agriculture, forestry, water conservancy, environmental protection and emergency management, said Tang.
"We can use the data of Gaofen-7 to investigate, monitor and verify the nation's land utilization. The data could help us inspect mineral resources exploitation and prevent illegal mining," Tang said.
Gaofen-7 could also help scientists monitor the sea ice thickness in the Arctic region, and provide data for China's polar scientific exploration and global climate change research.