Influential Women in Chinese History

Regardless of ancient times or nowadays, women have played an important role in every aspect of life. This column will introduce 24 influential women in the Chinese history, such as Wu Zetian, Cixi, Cai Wenji, Zhuo Wenjun, and Liu Ru, offering another perspective to learn about China.
Art & Culture

Xiao Fengxian: a history maker

Xiao Fengxian may have been a famous prostitute, during the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), but in Cai E's view, she was also a revolutionary and a heroic and beautiful woman.
Art & Culture

The legend of the Beijing courtesan Sai Jinhua

Sai Jinhua, a courtesan in the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1912), was a sensation.
Art & Culture

Tragic life of a Chinese beauty

Li Xiangjun, ranked the first of the "Eight Beauties of Qinhuai," is recognized for her fidelity and patriotism. 
Art & Culture

A beauty who changed history

Chen Yuanyuan, deemed as one of the eight beauties in ancient China, was many men's fantasy. Her romance with the controversial general Wu Sangui changed the history of China. 
Art & Culture

Liu Rushi: beautiful and talented

Liu Rushi, one of the "Eight Beauties of Qinhuai," was renowned in her time for her beauty and talents.
Art & Culture

Dong Xiaowan's talented legacy

"The Eight Beauties of Qinhuai" in late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) are among the most well-known courtesans who left their traces on Chinese history.
Art & Culture

Exotic beauty Li Shishi

Li Shishi, a courtesan in the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 960-1127), is a legend.
Art & Culture

Mu Guiying:  China's pioneering and female general of many talents

Hero, general, warrior – male images immediately come to mind. But Mu Guiying, a legendary Chinese heroine is an icon. Her name and image is the symbol of steadfastness. 
Art & Culture

The lonely struggle of Concubine Ban

Concubine Ban of Emperor Cheng of Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24) seemed to fit all the criteria of a perfect woman, but she led a lonely life especially in her late years. 
Art & Culture

Shangguan Wan'er: a woman of style and substance

Shangguan Wan’er (AD 664-710) influenced both the political and the literary world in the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-908) and was known as China's 'female prime minister.'
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