Global ideas for West Bund waterfront
Ideas from global design firms have been solicited to further develop the West Bund waterfront along the Huangpu River and make it on a par with the famous riversides of, for example, Sydney, London and Paris.
Sidewalks stretching 45 kilometers on the banks of the Huangpu between Yangpu and Xupu bridges have opened. The city now plans to extend those upstream and downstream while improving the section already open.
The riverside areas of Xuhui District, known as the West Bund, features 11.4 kilometers of waterfront that was once home to the city’s earliest iron, coal, grain and oil industries. The waterfront opened to public at the end of 2017 along with other sections of downtown riverbanks.
The former industrial site is now the largest art cluster in Asia with six major theaters and over 20 museums, art galleries and cultural venues, said Yan Bo, Xuhui's deputy director.
The waterfront also hosts the annual World Artificial Intelligence Conference and has been planned into an Intelligence Valley gathering high-tech headquarters and labs for AI industries.
The Xuhui District government plans to further develop the core waterfront area into a central activity district for Shanghai’s 2035 masterplan as well as a “world-class sitting room,” Yan told a planning and design seminar on Wednesday.
Initial plans from world’s leading design firms for the core West Bund section were released at the 2019 Waterfront Global Talk seminar at the West Bund Art Center.
Under a blueprint by US design studio James Corner Field Operations, the 2-kilometer West Bund waterfront will "activate" 100,000 square meters of cultural and commercial facilities from the industrial heritages and riverside regions.
The project aims to reshape industrial destination for art, media and culture, said Corner, the firm's CEO.
Though the West Bund has become a popular landmark, the riverside area is narrow, fragmented and not easy to access. It is remote from public transport with a 15-minute walk to the nearest Metro Line 11 station, he said.
His projects — "West Bund Alluvium" and "Art Port" — feature skywalks, tunnels and pedestrian paths to connect the inland area with the riverside. “Balconies” have been planned along the renovated historical piers and boathouses, Corner said.
A floating stage has been designed where visitors can enjoy outdoor performances on the riverbank.
“The West Bund is similar to the London South Bank and Sydney’s waterfront which both use art and culture to revitalize the former industrial sites,” said Corner. His company also took part in the waterfront planning for these cities.
Another US firm, Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), unveiled its design for a West Bund Conference Center, a 30,000-square-meter venue that will host the annual World Artificial Intelligence Conference in future.
The designs titled "New Urban Plaza and Civic Common" feature AI-designed structure. Computer “branching analysis” calculates a tree-shaped façade that requires the minimum concretes to support the structure, said the firm's design partner Scott Duncan.
AI will also be adopted for the glass curtain walls of the building that can automatically adjust transparency according to the city's sunshine and weather, Duncan said.
Danish design firm Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), which designed the Denmark Pavilion at the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai, released its plan for the service and hotel projects.
One of the preserved aircraft hangars will be converted into a hotel resembling a peak, a vertical village or a green ribbon, said Catherine Huang, senior partner and chief designer.
Designers are suggested to leave some space for the West Bund to serve future requirements, Zheng Shiling, an architectural expert and a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told the seminar.
Currently, the most urgent problem to solve is inconvenient transport, Zheng noted. The waterfront is accessible through the Longteng Avenue and the Yunjin Road Station of Metro Line 11 but Zheng said that was inadequate to attract visitors.