Green channel improves organ delivery
A green channel for human organ delivery has achieved great results by shortening the time it takes to transport organs to recipients, said the National Health Commission in Shanghai on Tuesday.
Since the program was first announced in 2016, a comprehensive system has been set up, including a 24-hour emergency hotline for coordination and a mechanism between authorities at airports, railway, road and airlines to offer quicker check-in and boarding, smoother transfers and various emergency supports.
“Organ transportation times have been reduced by 1 to 1.5 hours, the sharing rate of organs has increased by 8 percent, and use rate increased by 6.7 percent after the green channel was established,” said Guo Yanhong from the National Health Commission. “The time for organ transportation is very limited. The longer the wait, the poorer effects of the transplant.”
Between harvesting and transplantation, the maximum time window for a liver is 12 hours, 24 hours for kidneys, six to eight hours for hearts and eight to 12 hours for lungs. Even within these limits, the quality and transplant effects can be seriously impacted during transportation.
“The organ transplant process is a race against time. Any mistake or delay during the process can make donated organs unusable or dysfunctional,” Guo said.
China has been encouraging organ donation and set up a national organ registration, distribution and sharing platform.
About 70,000 patients with organ failure has received organs through the China Organ Transplant Response System for a fair and scientific organ distribution, and some 50,000 patients are on the waiting list, according to the commission.
The wait can be caused by a lack of donations and the waste of donated organs caused by storage and transportation problems.
Dr Chen Jingyu, vice president of Wuxi People’s Hospital and a leading lung transplant specialist, said the green channel greatly enhanced organ transport efficiency and streamlined the transplants.
“My team escorted a donated lung from Tianjin to Shanghai via airplane and arrived in Wuxi by railway yesterday. Thanks to the green channel, the whole process only took four hours and 10 minutes. Going from Hongqiao airport to Hongqiao railway station was only six or seven minutes. This would have been unbelievable in the past,” Chen said. “With the green channel, we can go to more remote regions to harvest or transplant organs and carry out transplant surgery in rural regions in order to save more local patients and train local medical staff.”
Officials said China has received great improvement in organ donation and transplant in recent years. Both the donation quantity and organ transplant surgeries in China has ranked No. 2 in the world last year. So far, some 1.25 million people have registered to donate their organs.
From 2010 to October this year, over 26,000 people in China donated some 74,000 major organs. A total of 2,757 people donated 7,186 organs in the first half of this year, up by 9.5 percent and 3.6 percent, respectively, compared with the same period last year.
With the green channel, the transportation of human organs via airplane also rose quickly. In 2017, 995 organs were delivered by air through the green channel. In 2018, 1,984 organs were transported by air.
The two airports in Shanghai are the largest recipients of organs via air. The city's two airlines together transported 44 percent of organs through air last year.