New civil code designed to prevent emotionally charged divorces
Beginning next year when China's Civil Code is implemented, couples seeking a divorce will need to submit a divorce registration application at marriage registration centers and wait 30 days, with the intent of preventing emotionally charged divorces, Shanghai's civil affairs authorities announced on Tuesday.
The city's new practice follows the implementation of China's first-ever civil code, which sets a 30-day grace period that allows couples to reconsider their divorce applications.
Either member of a couple can retract a divorce application within 30 days of submitting it.
If the divorce application isn't retracted after 30 days, the couple must visit a marriage registration institution together to apply for a divorce certificate within the next 30 days.
Reviews will be conducted and the divorce will be registered when the divorce certificate is issued.
If a couple doesn't visit a marriage registration institution in the second 30-day period, their divorce application will be withdrawn.
The cooling-off period will save some marriages because the decision to divorce can be made too hastily, experts say.
"Shanghai's marriage management information system has been upgraded in response to the adjustment, which now includes the grace period," said Shen Jiaguan, director of the marriage management department of the Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau.
Marriage registrars are able to follow real-time divorce registration progress via the reservation system.
A total of 61,700 couples divorced in the city last year, an increase of 4.58 percent since 2018, according to the bureau.
The divorce rate was 4.24 per 1,000 couples in 2019, compared with 4.04 percent the previous year, according to the bureau.
Among couples who divorced last year, 6,800 resorted to courts.
The city’s divorce rate has been stable over the past 14 years, ranging between 3.32 and 5.71 annually per 1,000 couples, the bureau said.
A total of 98,700 couples tied the knot in Shanghai last year, a decrease of 6.09 percent from a year earlier.
The initiative aims to promote core socialist values, the harmony and stability of marriage, social morality and family virtues, and the culture of marriage, said Zhu Qinhao, director of the bureau.
Online marriage counselling services will be launched next year, and a marriage information database will be established, bringing an online question and answer section to marriage registration service affairs.